- CastlesteadsCamboglanna

Excavations were carried out here in 1934 and the south, east and west walls were uncovered only for the north wall to have been seen to have collapsed into the valley on that side. The three visible walls were surrounded by a single ditch and the original fort would have covered some 400 feet. An earlier building was also found in a slightly different area with a ditch and earth rampart.

As the Wall had already been built earlier in order to obtain the best crossing point of the Cambeck the fort, unusually was not attached to the Wall itself but still lay within the Vallum / Wall boundary. The later fort was built on the strongest supporting point available. The bridge over the Cambeck has not, so far, been found and nor has the road leading from the fort to the Stanegate.

When Castlesteads House was built the north wall of the fort was demolished. This demolition occurred in 1791. The Milecastle numbered 57 may have been built here but as yet, it too, has not been found.

Pottery from the end of Hadrian’ reign was found within the fort as were a few inscriptions. Altars to Mithras, Belatucadrus, Mothers and the unknown Vanauns were also discovered but so far no temples for these deities have been unearthed.

Garrisons known at on StreetMap Streetmap Logo link to OS map

Hadriancohors IV Gallorum equitata ?
Marcus_Aureliusno evidence
3rd_Centurycohors II Tungrorum equitata c.i. (241) †
Notitia_Dignitatumno entry (omitted in error, see pp. 294ff Hadrian’s Wall Dobson and Breeze, 4th Ed. 2000).